Consequences of domestic violence
Domestic violence impacts each affected person differently depending on protective and risk factors. The extent to which domestic violence has health, socioeconomic, and intergenerational consequences depend on many conditions (e.g., gender, timing of first experience of violence). Research on Trauma increasingly shows that social support and interpersonal integration (vs. isolation) of victims are important factors that influence the processing of distressing experiences. Furthermore, the possibility to communicate experiences and being recognized as a person affected by violence by the close environment and society are crucial. In the context of domestic violence, these factors also have a significant impact on the severity of the consequences.
The health effects of domestic violence often go unnoticed and are not related to the violence by others. Even when the violence is no longer acute, many of those affected continue to suffer from the consequences for a long time. This is often associated with difficulties in personal, family, social, educational, professional or other important areas of life.