Domestic violence – What is it?
Domestic violence describes any form of violence that occurs within a domestic environment. It is also considered domestic violence when violence occurs during dissolving the shared accommodation or after a separation. The act doesn’t have to occur within the mutual accommodation.
Domestic violence is especially physically and mentally draining, because it exists in a space that in society is regarded as a room for security and the feeling of safety – the home. Furthermore, the violence is applied by an adult with whom the affected person shares a bond of trust. Domestic violence can appear in one or multiple forms, that can be inflicted at once or consecutively.
Depending on the context, the definition of domestic violence differs. Legally the definition refers to the criminal law and the Protection against Violence Act. In addition to that, a broader psychosocial understanding of domestic violence exists. The following is based on the more extensive understanding of domestic violence.
Violence exists in many different forms. It can be differentiated in: psychological violence, physical violence, sexualized violence, economic violence, social violence and digital violence, as well as stalking. Legally, protection against violence is only provided in case of physical, sexualized and psychological violence as well as stalking.